All information on our website is based on our own original research in Arabic, Persian and English-language scholarly references. We never copy information from other websites.

References

This page lists references used by our staff when researching baby names.

Arabic sources:

  • The Holy Quran
  • Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim
  • Lisan al-Arab of Ibn Mandhoor (died 1311 CE)
  • Qamoos al-Muhit of al-Firuzabadi (died 1329 CE)
  • Mukhtar al-Sihah of Muhammad bin Abi Bakr bin Abdul Qadir al-Razi (died 930 CE)
  • `Ubab al-Zakhir by al-Hasan ibn Muhammad al-Saghani (died 1252 CE)
  • Sijil Asmaa’ al-Arab (The Sultan Qaboos Encyclopedia of Arab Names), 4 volumes, published in 1991

Persian sources:

  • Dehkhoda Dictionary (16 volumes) by Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda (died 1956 CE)
  • Farhanghe Moin by Muhammad Moin (died 1971 CE)
  • Farhanghe Ameed by Hasan Ameed (died 1979 CE)

Urdu sources:

  • A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi and English by John Thompson Platts (1884 Edition)

Other sources:

  • The 2011 Baby Names Almanac by Emily Larson
  • A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language for Readers of English by Ernest Klein
  • Christian Names in Local and Family History by George Redmonds
  • Oxford Dictionary of First Names by Patrick Hanks and Flavia Hodges
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